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Bill C-45
PDF - Alberta Work Alone

PDF - Alberta Work Alone

PDF - Alberta Working Alone Q&A
Working Alone - Off-site
Working Alone In Construction
Tips for Working Alone In Retail
Working Alone In Safety -   Controlling The Risks of Solitary
Safety For Lone Workers (PDF)
SafetyLine Could Save Your Life
CFIB - Working Alone Safely (PDF)
Working Alone - Working With

Corporate Obligations to Road

Preventing Injuries and Deaths of

Communication Is A Lifeline For
   Lone Workers

Health And Safety In The Home
   Care Environment (PDF)
Newfoundland - Working Alone
   Safely Guidelines
Working Alone Safely - A Guide For
   Employers And Employee (PDF)

Employer Responsibilities for
  Working Alone or in Isolation BC

Working Alone Regulations

Alberta Working Alone Amendment

Alberta Working Alone Regulations
Alberta Working Alone Q&A  New
British Columbia WCB Regulations
British Columbia Public Service
  Working Alone Regulation
California Code of Regulations
Manitoba Working Alone Regulations    (PDF)
National Institute Of Environmental
   Health Sciences Working Alone

New Brunswick Working Alone

Newfoundland Working Alone

Nova Scotia Work Alone Policy
Ontario Fast Facts (PDF)
Oregon DFW Working Alone

Saskatchewan Working Alone

Yukon Health & Safety Act
Canadian Labour Code Section
Australia Working Alone Regulations
United Kingdom Regulations (PDF)
University Of Calgary - Laboratory
   Policy - Working Alone

University of Guelph - Working
   Alone Policy

Violence In the Workplace

What is Workplace Violence?
The Dangers Of Working Alone

Domestic Violence In The Workplace
CDC - NIOSH Violence In The

CEP Member Killed On The Job At

OSH Violence In The Workplace
   Manual (PDF)

Nurse Advocate: Nurses and
   Workplace Violence

OSHA US Department Of Labor -
   Workplace Violence

Dealing with Workplace Violence:
   A Guide for Agency Planners

National Institute For Workplace
   Safety And Health - Violence

Workers Compensation Board -
   Preventing Violence In Health Care

Minnesota Department Of Labor
   And Industry - Workplace Violence

P.E.I. Trucker Who Was Shot In The
   States Is Recovering At Home

SaskTel Workers Threatened On The
   Job (PDF)
Texas Young Lawyers Assoc. -
   Domestic Violence In The
   Workplace (PDF)

Pinkerton's Security Survey Shows
   Violence In The Workplace No.1

Safety News

Working Alone Fatalities in Alberta 
Bill C-45 - An Act to Amend the
  Criminal Code (Criminal Liability of

BCE Sued For Lone Worker's Death
Employee Dies While Working Alone
Westray's Legacy - Criminal
   Charges in Workplace Accidents

Ontario Workers Killed On The Job
   Nearly Every Day

Customs Officers Protest Working

PSC Safety Alert - 911 Emergencies
   On Satellite Phones (PDF)

City Water Worker Dies When
   Overcome by Natural Gas Vapours

Ontario Ministry of Labour Headlines
Abrasive Blaster Dies of Carbon
   Monoxide Poisoning While Working

First Criminal Charge from Bill C-45


It's the Law

It is important, and now mandatory, that employers know that their employees who are working alone, are safe. Depending on where you may conduct business, chances are that lone worker legislation is now the law.

Regardless, morally, it is important that your valued employees and contractors have lone worker protection in the event that they are in trouble, and that they have assurance that help will be on the way.

There are a number of areas in which occupational health and safety legislation sets requirements that must be met for anyone working alone. While the legislation and regulations vary from province to province (and the federal jurisdiction), the same principles tend to apply. These include the following:

  • the requirement to provide adequate supervision;
  • the "due diligence" requirement to take all measures reasonable in the circumstances for the protection of a worker;
  • duties of employers and supervisors to advise a worker of a hazard;
  • specific requirements for certain tasks, such as diving or confined space entry, that have explicit requirements for the number of people required to be present; and
  • regulations that deal specifically with working alone in some jurisdictions (such as Manitoba, Saskatchewan and British Columbia).

In Manitoba, which has a regulation dealing with working alone, the practice is defined as follows: "Working alone means the performance of any work function by a worker who (a) is the only worker for that employer at that workplace at any time, and (b) is not directly supervised by his or her employer, or another person designated as a supervisor by his or her employer, at any time."

This, by itself, does not constitute a health and safety hazard, however. The regulation imposes requirements only "where a worker is working alone in circumstances which may result in injury, health impairment, victimization through criminal violence or other adverse conditions..." In other words, working alone becomes a hazard only if there are additional circumstances that begin to multiply the risks.

Defining those "circumstances" may be done in a standard and organized way by analyzing the risk factors associated with working alone. These factors include the following:

  • the time and distance the worker is from sources of help in an emergency;
  • the length of time the worker is out of contact with supervision;
  • the degree of access to communication;
  • the presence of hazards associated with the work being performed; and
  • the presence of hazards associated with the environment in which the work is done.

The risk-factor approach to dealing with any health and safety problem is particularly useful in two ways: First, it brings a degree of order and method to the analysis of the job, the task and the situation; second, it provides that analysis in terms that translate readily into worker safety solutions.

The total risk associated with a given situation increases if any one of the risk factors is high - if the worker is hours away from help, for example, that factor alone would be cause for alarm. However, risk starts to climb rapidly when two or more factors act together - such as unavailability of communication and a hazardous task.

'Criminal Code takes tough line on worker safety, Lax employers will find themselves in court -- or worse'

Howard Levitt

Financial Post
Are you Ready to Face the consequences if your company does not conform to Bill C-45?

How are organizations punished for committing a crime?

Corporations cannot be imprisoned so the Criminal Code provides for fines when corporations are convicted of crimes. In the case of a summary conviction offence (less serious offences that are punishable for individuals by up to six months in jail and/or a $2,000 fine), the Code provides for a fine of up to $25,000 for corporations. Bill C-45 increases the maximum fine on an organization for a summary conviction offence to $100,000. For the more serious, indictable offences, the Code already provides no limit on the fine that can be imposed on an organization.

Widow sues for husband's lonely death
$5.4M claim filed against employers BCE, Expertech